When a contractor is forced to work out of sequence, in a stop-and start fashion, or in a congested work area, labor costs can skyrocket. Known as “lost productivity” or “labor inefficiency,” this can be a major element in many delay claims. But it is a cost which is difficult to quantify and prove.
Hovnanian Enterprises Inc., a national homebuilder, late last month agreed to pay a $1 million civil penalty to resolve alleged Clean Water Act (CWA) violations at 591 construction sites in 18 states and the District of Columbia. Hovnanian also must implement a company-wide program to improve compliance with stormwater runoff requirements at existing and future construction sites across the United States.
The federal government's complaint, filed simultaneously with the settlement agreement in federal court in Philadelphia, alleges a pattern of violations. Federal officials alleged the violations following a review of documentation submitted by the company as well as federal and state site inspections. Allegations include a failure to obtain permits until after construction had begun or failing to obtain them at all. At sites with permits, alleged violations included failure to prevent or minimize the discharge of pollutants such as silt and debris in stormwater runoff.
Two architects using ArchiCad Building Information Modeling (BIM) software have designed a project that exemplifies the genius of great design and the power of great design software, the $68-million Theory and Computing Sciences Building (TCSB) at Argonne National Laboratory, according to Graphisoft.
The duo from the full-service architecture firm Animate in Chicago "faced intense deadlines, myriad change requests, and continuous demand for reams of plans," according to principal Joseph Lambke. "ArchiCAD accommodated a rapid design process, coordinated the building data, enabled quick changes, and organized the drawings so I could spend more time on design and less on administration. This would have taken a team of eight architects if not for ArchiCad."